Gum disease affects the supporting structures of the teeth. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the most common types of gum disease and both are caused by the bacterial dental plaque that normally inhabits the mouth.
Gingivitis, a common condition, is inflammation of the gum and can be resolved with good oral hygiene measures.
However, periodontitis, affecting 10-15% of the population, is a far more damaging inflammatory condition that destroys the supporting bone, eventually leading to tooth loss.
The signs and symptoms of both conditions vary from none at all, loose teeth and drifting teeth. Why 10-15% of us are susceptible to this more destructive condition is not fully understood. Some of the major factors affecting periodontitis include smoking, specific strains of bacteria in the plaque, personal stress levels and family history.
At Devonshire House in Cambridge, our specialist periodontists Trisha Whitehead and Puneet Patel and our team of hygienists, can help you cure your gingivitis and bring under control any periodontal disease affecting your teeth. Gum disease treatment depends on the severity of the condition and ranges from teaching you improved oral hygiene technique, to treatment under local anaesthetic for deep cleaning and elimination of infected gum tissue.